Indian nationalist leader Gandhi ( Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, India,
Gandhi’s father, Karamchand Gandhi, served as a chief minister in Porbandar and other states in western India. His mother, Putlibai, was a deeply religious woman who fasted regularly.Mahatma Gandhi was the leader of India’s non-violent independence movement against British rule and in South Africa who advocated for the civil rights of Indians.Gandhi studied law and organized boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. He was killed by a fanatic in 1948.
Young Gandhi was a shy, unremarkable student who was so timid that he slept with the lights on even as a teenager. In the ensuing years, the teenager rebelled by smoking, eating meat and stealing change from household servants.Gandhi grew up worshiping the Hindu god Vishnu and following Jainism, a morally rigorous ancient Indian religion that espoused non-violence, fasting, meditation and vegetarianism.
When Gandhi arrived in South Africa, he was quickly appalled by the discrimination and racial segregation faced by Indian immigrants at the hands of white British and Boer authorities.
Upon his first appearance in a Durban courtroom, Gandhi was asked to remove his turban. He refused and left the court instead. The Natal Advertiser mocked him in print as “an unwelcome visitor.”
When Gandhi sailed from South Africa in 1914 to return home, Smuts wrote, “The saint has left our shores, I sincerely hope forever.” At the outbreak of World War I, Gandhi spent several months in London.
In 1915 Gandhi founded an ashram in Ahmedabad, India, that was open to all castes. Wearing a simple loincloth and shawl, Gandhi lived an austere life devoted to prayer, fasting and meditation. He became known as “Mahatma,” which means “great soul.”Gandhi returned to active politics in 1930 to protest Britain’s Salt Acts, which not only prohibited Indians from collecting or selling salt—a dietary staple—but imposed a heavy tax that hit the country’s poorest particularly hard.
Gandhi planned a new Satyagraha campaign, The Salt March, that entailed a 390-kilometer/240-mile march to the Arabian Sea, where he would collect salt in symbolic defiance of the government monopoly.As Great Britain found itself engulfed in World War II in 1942, Gandhi launched the “Quit India” movement that called for the immediate British withdrawal from the country.
In August 1942, the British arrested Gandhi, his wife and other leaders of the Indian National Congress and detained them in the Aga Khan Palace in present-day Pune.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is a great and unforgettable personality in Indian history.
He is also known as Bapu and the father of the nation. His name is one of the Indian freedom fighters and true patriots.
Professionally, he was a lawyer but dropped his practice as a lawyer due to a lack of interest. He served his country throughout his life to raise the country’s sovereignty.
He also was a political ethicist who always made moral judgments about political actions and political agents. In 1914, the Sanskrit word “Mahatma” was applied before his name making it Mahatma Gandhi that is now used globally. He was shot dead by Nathuram Godse on 30 January 1948 .
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on October 2 as it marks the birth anniversary of Bapu. So, on this day, our little Gajerians have given speech and narrate the story about student life of Gandhiji. Kids these days don’t have any idea of charkha and khadi. So,we introduce them about charkha (spinning wheel) and khadi fabric.
Our educators informed them how Gandhiji used this to symbolise self-reliance and how it became an important part of Indian National Movement. Make them acquainted with the Khadi fabrics and how it’s highly eco-friendly.
In primary section, our learners gave example of cleanliness by playing an act . In that , they showed us that we need to keep our country clean. " Swachchh Bharat , swasth Bharat " . and gave us infomation about Mahatma Gandhiji.
Pre- Primary Section - https://youtu.be/iQDQkS6Dv18
Primary Section - https://youtu.be/rGqQzAEHN2k