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14th September - Hindi Diwas

• It is celebrated on September 14 to spread awareness about the importance of the Hindi language in the country. The Hindi language is one of the oldest languages that obtains much of its academic terminology from the Sanskrit language written in the Devanagari script. Let us have a look at the history, significance of Hindi Diwas, and some key facts.

• It is celebrated on 14 September across schools, colleges, offices, and organisations to showcase the importance of the day and the language. The day commemorates the event when Hindi was adopted as one of the official languages of India.

• The Constituent Assembly of India had espoused Hindi as India's official language on 14 September, 1949. Hindi written in Devanagri script is one of the two official languages of the Union Government and the other language is English. It is one of the 22 languages of the Republic of India.

• It is also said that by the efforts of Beohar Rajendra Simha along with some other people including Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Kaka Kalelkar, Maithili Sharan Gupt and Seth Govind Das, Hindi was recognised as one of the two official languages.

• The history of Hindi belongs to the Indo-Aryan division of the Indo-European language family. Mughals and Persians added their own flavour to the Hindi language. We all know that hundreds of languages and dialects are spoken in India.

After independence, the biggest question that arose in the country was about the language. On 6 December 1946, the Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India. The final draft of the Constitution was approved by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November, 1949 and it came into force throughout the country from 26 January, 1950.

• Apart from India, the Hindi language is also spoken in several other countries, like Nepal, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Fiji, and Mauritius.

• Why is Hindi Diwas celebrated on 14 September?

• After independence, the Government of India set a goal to give an idealized look to the mother tongue of the country and set a target for grammar and orthography using the Devanagari script to bring about standardization in writing. After this, on 14 September 1949, the Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as the official language of India. Apart from this, 14 September is also the birthday of Rajendra Simha, who worked tirelessly towards making Hindi the official language of India.

• Some interesting facts about the Hindi language and Hindi Diwas:

1. Hindi is the most spoken language in India. More than 70% of the people of the country speak and understand Hindi.

2. The most interesting fact about Hindi is that "Hindi" is basically a Persian language word and the first Hindi poem was written by the eminent poet "Amir Khusro".

3. The first literature on the history of the Hindi language was composed by a French writer "Grasim the Taisi".

4. In 1977, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the first external affairs minister addressed the United Nations General Assembly for the first time in Hindi.

5. The word "Namaste" is the most commonly used word in the Hindi language.

6. The first web portal of Hindi came into existence in 2000, since then Hindi started making its mark on the Internet, which has now gained momentum.

7. Hindi is one of the 7 languages in India that is used to create a web address (URL).

8. In 1918, in Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, Mahatma Gandhi for the first time talked about making the Hindi language a national language. Gandhiji also called Hindi the language of the public.

9. On 26 January 1950, Hindi was recognised as an official language in Article 343 of the Constitution.

10. Every year from 14 September to 21 September, Rajbhasha Week or Hindi Week is celebrated on the occasion of Hindi Diwas. Different competitions are organized. In fact, several events are organised in the school and offices. Its basic objective is to increase the spirit of the development of the Hindi language among people by not just limiting it to the Hindi Diwas only.

11. Bhasha Samman award has been started on Hindi Diwas to inspire people towards Hindi as well as other languages. This honour is given annually to special writers for significant contribution to Indian languages and also for contribution to classical & medieval literature.

Therefore, Hindi Diwas is celebrated across the country on 14 September to spread awareness and the importance of the Hindi language. This article is the translation of the article and credit goes to the author.

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