India will be celebrating its 75th Independence Day on August 15, 2021, with the usual pride as on this day India got its freedom from British rule.
Following the victory of the British at the Battle of Plassey, the East India Company began its rule in India in 1757. The Indian Independence movement began during World War I and was led by Mohandas Karamdas Gandhi. On August 15, 1947, India got its freedom, ending an almost 200-year British rule.
The British had ruled over India for almost two centuries, starting from 1757. But the Indian independence movement had gained strength for years, with the demand of 'Poorna Swaraj or complete independence' from colonial rule echoing in the streets.
The emergence of leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose gave power to the freedom struggle. Finally, the British decided to leave India, transferring power back to the country.
India received freedom from the oppressive rule of the British Empire on August 15, 1947. This day is celebrated across the nation with much ardour and pride, with all Indians coming together to remember the sacrifices of our freedom fighters and leaders who dedicated their lives to liberate our nation. Many of these leaders fought passionately against the British armies to set the nation free from colonial rule.
August 15, every year is celebrated by hoisting the national flag and singing the national anthem. This year, India celebrates its 75th year of Independence, and to commemorate the occasion, here is a look at the history and significance of this day.
On August 15 in 1947, Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru unfurled the tricolour from the Red Fort in Delhi for the first time. Thereafter, every year on Independence Day, the national flag is hoisted at the Red Fort by the incumbent Prime Minister followed by an address to the nation. How did this date come into being? On July 14, 1947, The Indian Independence Bill was first introduced in the British House Of Commons. The bill provided for the end of British rule in India on August 15, 1947. The bill was passed within a fortnight and India got its freedom on August 15, 1947.
In a built up to India’s independence, a Constituent Assembly was constituted in November 1946.
The Constituent Assembly adopted new India’s National Flag on 22 July 1947 and held a midnight session on 14 – 15 August 1947.
The session closed with a unanimous performance of Jana Gana Mana. Next day, on 16 August 1947, when for the first time the National Flag was unfurled from ramparts of the Red Fort in Delhi, Capt. Ram Singh and his orchestra was invited to play the tune of the Jana Gana Mana.
From Calcutta in 1911 to Germany in 1942 to New Delhi in 1950 and till date in 2021, the national anthem remains a defining source of our identity and our inspiration to be proud as Indians. On the occasion of Amrit Mahotsav of India’s Independence millions of voices from across the globe will create an unique and unparalleled medley of the national anthem which will infuse a renewed commitment in the hearts of every Indian to contribute their best in making India a Vishwa Guru is every field.
Jaya hey! Jaya hey! Jaya Jaya Jaya Jaya hey!
Jana Gana Mana’ as our national anthem. The story of how our national anthem was written and sung has interesting twists and turns. The song, which in its original version had five stanzas, was composed in Bangla by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore when he was fifty years old, and at a time when Gitanjali, his famous collection of poems was yet to be published. It was sung for the first time on 27th December 1911 at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress. In Tagore’s words, the song celebrates the victory of “that Bhagya Vidhata (God of Destiny) of India who has from age after age held steadfast the reins of India’s chariot.” Soon thereafter, in January 1912, the song was published in Tottvobodhini Patrika, of which Tagore was the editor, and became immensely popular across Bengal. Tagore subsequently translated the lyrics of this song into English and this opened the window for the song to reach international audiences.
When flags are waving in the air and songs patronizing this great nation are chiming everywhere. You can be sure its Independence Day! On this great day, our country relinquished the yolk of foreign rule and became one of the largest democracies in the world.
Celebrate this joyous day and rekindle the flames of patriotism that burns within you through these special Independence Day theme cakes.
This year, the theme of the celebrations would be 'Nation First, Always First'. Prime Minister Narendra Modi would continue the tradition of addressing the nation from the Red Fort. The Olympians who won medals at the Tokyo Olympics would get special invites for the event.
India is going to celebrate Independence Day on August 15, 2021. This year marks the 75th year anniversary of our Independence but the COVID-19 pandemic has put paid to full-fledged celebrations.
Most institutions will hold events online to avoid public gatherings and allow for social distancing. This does not thwart the enthusiasm of students for celebrating.
Many schools are organising virtual events like fancy dress competitions, virtual cultural programmes and intra school events. Flag-hoisting ceremonies will likely be held in schools and colleges but will be attended mainly by teachers and officials like last year.