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Monthly E-Newsletter - May 2021



CONTENT


1. Message from Trustee

2. Message from Principal

3. Message from Vice Principal

4. Cover Story

5. Classroom News

6. Student's Corner

7. Teacher's Corner

8. Parent's Corner

9. Bookworm's Diary

10. Connect


From Trustee's Desk



Today, the role of a school is not only to pursue academic excellence but also to motivate and empower its students to be lifelong learners, critical thinkers, and productive members of an ever-changing global society. More than a decade back Gajera pledged to transform education. The school that is being run under the aegis of well-established Management “Gajera Trust” has earned its niche not only in Surat but across Gujarat. At Gajera we provide an atmosphere to our students for multifaceted development, where children are encouraged to channelize their potential in the pursuit of excellence. This can only be possible in a holistic, student-centric environment. The talents, skills, and abilities of each student need to be identified, nurtured, and encouraged so that he/she can reach greater heights. Learners need to be provided with a platform to think, express, and exhibit their skills. It is necessary to empower them to negotiate several issues that confront them, with the teacher being a facilitator. To empower all the inherited skills in our learners, we have a complete set up under the banner of “Sunita’s Makerspace”, where our learners get an opportunity to enhance their skills.


The school is striving hard to make the best possible efforts to inculcate strong values combining with academics and extra-curricular activities in the learners. Converting every individual into a self-reliant and independent citizen, the school provides an amalgam of scholastic and co-scholastic activities.


No wonder, a learner harnessed in such an atmosphere has every hope and possibility of becoming a responsible, balanced, and mature adult and can live in to contribute and to shoulder responsibilities of the society, of which he forms an integral part. Learners need a supportive environment at home and school. They need to set goals, within their reach until they gain confidence and determination. They should reexamine their priorities, set clear goals, and make specific plans to achieve what they desire. Focusing on specific goals, helps them move forward purposefully in life. They would, thus, have the pleasure of watching their dreams into reality.


At Gajera our approach to learning is child-centric encouraging Activity based learning and inculcating a scientific temper and a spirit of free inquiry. In our curriculum, the learner is the primary focus and each child is involved in the learning process. We are constantly improving our teaching methodology even in these times of covid pandemic when the entire learning is conducted online so that it turns learning into a combination of blended learning, research, and scientific discovery.


While academic excellence is our major thrust, the school is also devoted to prepare the students for life, groom them to face the challenges of tomorrow, and encourage them to be socially relevant. We constantly endeavor to always live up to this ideology and inculcate this into everything we do, with the aim that we will be able to ensure that the children grow to their full potential, while constantly being groomed to pass out as men and women competent to bear responsibility in all walks of life.

Let’s not get paranoid about the coronavirus pandemic, just follow the due precaution and take very good care of yourself and those around you. There is a strong ray of hope guiding us to find a way out of the present crisis. We will be out of this Pandemic for sure.

Let us not get demotivated with the current global crisis which can lead to stress and anxiety but hope and positivity mustn’t be lost keeping yourself, family, and friends positive during these distressing times is very important.

The parents are the most strengthening power in molding the future of children. Their consistent support empowers us to do more and more. I pay my gratitude to them for their faith in us.

I am confident enough that the Gajerians will make themselves stronger day by day, adding a new leaf to the grandeur of the school.


 

From Principal's Desk


Parents, Caregivers and Community Stakeholders,

We had an awesome and busy final full month of May of school here at Gajera Vidyabhavan Sachin, Surat. Because this was the last month of the session 2020-21 so all our teachers were busy in making final report cards. As the Gajera group of schools always committed quality education and pursue behind over all development of our learners. As I walked around classrooms and campus it is quite silence as the students were studying through online but we are very much optimistic that soon we will enjoy physical schooling.

We have started new session for grade 8 to 12 from 20/05/2021. For our current 8th grade and 11th grade students, I want to wish them all of the best of luck as they go into high school and start their journey into the final phase of the secondary and higher secondary school experience. I am sure all of our parents are remembering the day their little ones started kindergarten and now they are entering high school! My biggest advice to our rising 9th graders is to get involved in as many clubs, student groups and extra-curricular activities as possible on their high school’s campus. There will be a tremendous amount opportunities in their next four years and I encourage you to motivate your wards to be as involved as possible. Students that feel connected to their school have shown to be much more successful in their school experience. I would also take pleasure to welcome our tiny touts in grade 1st, I wish them an enjoyable study year ahead. We feel pride to share that our learners are working on the International Project Young Reporter Environment (YRE) and My Action Matter by Centre for Environment Education and Foundation for Environmental Education (CEE & FEE).

I hope everyone has great holidays. I feel very happy to the zeal among the students and parents regarding studies. We will see everyone to begin this session with full energy and great optimism. As we have great respect and love for the nature so we going to start our session with the celebration of “World Environment Day”.


 

From Vice-Principal's Desk


POSITIVE EFFECTS OF COVID - 19


The toughest time, every nation has been suffering from, since December 2019, has left so much of pain in everyone's heart.

A virus, named corona, which means crown, also known as covid-19, has become a super spreader in every country of the world. This virus has left such a worse impact on the minds of the people that happiness has started vacating everyone's heart. Every scientist and doctor hasn't slept for a days for saving lives of the people of every nation. This virus has impacted negatively our country's economic condition and unemployment has become the major cause of rapidly growing poverty.

But, where there are cons there will be pros too. This virus hasn't just brought negative impact on our world, it has also impacted our countries positively. All countries were standing in the race to invent vaccines and medicines to save the lives of everyone around the world. The inventions of vaccines have given name and frame to the countries for their contribution in the toughest time.

People have started helping each other. Humanity, which was lost somewhere in the world, has started getting its path among every human's heart. People capable of helping people, are providing them food, shelter, medicines, hospitals, oxygens and are helping them to survive in this worst situation. People are suffering from medicines due to it’s shortage because of which they are losing their lives. But some people are helping them to get medicines on time and saving lives. People are suffering for oxygen’s and are losing their valuable life. But some kind people are providing this oxygen cylinder to them and are pulling them to life from the the tons of death. Some great people who are wealthy are providing place for building hospitals and helping the people to get proper treatment. Recently, Mr. Mukesh Ambani and Nita Ambani has opened a 1000 bed hospital for covid patient in Jamnagar. And many countries are providing help to each other in the forms of vaccine, medicines, oxygen’s equipments etc. This is just some examples of kindness. There are innumerable people in this world who are helping the countries to face this hard time.

Our nature was really facing a hard time as people were cutting trees and forests to build buildings and even office. This made the phrase oxygen level go down and down and even the animals lost their abode. This nature has now seen a growth as people are now locked in their houses and they can't cut forest and trees and build empires. The pollution level in the air was so high that new diseases started surrounding people and the lifeline of people started decreasing. But this pollution level has too been getting decreased that the air and water seems refreshing and sooting to our body and heart. People have started saving money instead of wasting it on useless and unwanted things for their own and families’ future.

This time hasn't left any mine to release the value of every gift of nature and god which was on the verge of extinction. It's better to learn the lesson; otherwise, it will be worse than it's now.

The future vision will be a better vision than anyone has ever thought due to this hard time.

Let's learn and help others to face this pandemic and overcome it as soon as possible.

Moreover people understand the core essence of life that nothing is urgent in life when it comes to the cost of many lives. People realize the holiness of show-off life. Also understand the richness of simple living, the importance of family, homemade food, the existence of friends in life. They understand the significance of saving and humility, case for others.

The whole world becomes well verbs in technology, the country like India and many countries in Africa started doing many business concerns and traditions online teachers and students become more advance and creative.


Importance of Helping Hands


‘Help’ is a very small word that has greater that’s in it help can be small or big depending on the time it is being given or done. It always gives the joy to help others help is something we may need at any time in our lives in a different form parents help us to walk talk and to know the world teachers help us to learn new things and to differentiate between good and bad they guide us throughout our life as we grow we should help each other in our needs


“The best way to find yourself is

to lose yourself in the service of others”

-Mahatma Gandhi


‘Helping hands are better than praying lips' human beings are social, this definition while seemingly narrow in its scope.No individual was born happy but we are all born with the ability to create and spread. Helping others out is the only way to reach the stage of self-actualization. The benefit in many ways when we help others, in fact, it may help us live longer several studies have shown that regular acts of kindness and volunteering can improve your health we can make a life by what we give.

As we watch the coronavirus pandemic play on a global scale, it’s easy to feel helpless. So many Charitable tasks were undertaken by the government at the local as well as global level. Frontline workers like Doctors, Nurses, sweepers, and police really worked tirelessly and even sacrificed their lives for the sake of the country's people. The is leaving millions of people sick, unemployed, and struggling to make ends meet. Different NGOs have undertaken the task of distributing ration among the resources communities and providing meals to some daily wage workers and domestic help who have been rendered jobless in the current situation. This is the kind of charity that is the need of the hour.


As India continues to battle a massive second wave of covid several countries have come forward extending help. From home-cooked meals to arranging oxygen Indians rich out with helping hands as the country witnesses gravest crisis. Anne Frank once wrote in her diary


No one has even become poor by giving sometimes we see even animals go against nature and help other animals we think humans have the utmost duty to have humanity and help all beings.it is by caring and helping that we can see the Almighty. we need to spread the joy of helping.”





Mrs. Roshni Sonawane

(English Educator)

Celebrations


Mother 's day is a celebration to honour motherhood, maternal bonds and the influence of mother in society. Mother 's day is celebrated on second Sunday of May every year. Mother's day teaches to respect and love towards our mother.Mother is symbol of love ,care, truth and support. On this Mother's Day our little Gajerian and their mother shared love and feeling by videos and photos. Pre primary educators gave students one activity in virtual class. Educators and students made nice cards for their mothers with enthusiasm. We should thank our mothers for being the constant support and guidance for what we are today.

"There is no role in life that is more essential than that of motherhood "


Gujarat Day is celebrated on May 1st every year. This day is honored by the people of Gujarat as it marks the remembrance of the struggle done by people to have a separate state of Gujarat. Two new states were born on this day of the year 1960 namely Maharashtra and Gujarat Day.01-May-2021

Gujarat is famous for its traditional clothing, food and natural landscape. Asiatic lions, Rann of Kutch (White Desert), colourful handicrafts, festival and culture are some of the things that make Gujarat famous.

It is dotted with several natural wonders like the Rann of Kutch which is the largest salt desert in the world. Some of the plus points for travelers visiting Gujarat can also enjoy the unique folk dances and some lip-smacking dishes of the state well-known all over the world.01-May-2017

Gujarat is one of India's most prosperous states and its per capita income is 40 per cent higher than the national average. With just 5 per cent of India's population and 6 per cent of its land mass, Gujarat accounts for 9 per cent of India's GDP, almost a tenth of its workforce and 22 per cent of its exports.


International Museum Day 2021: The Day is observed on 18 May to raise awareness among people about the museums as an important means of cultural exchange and development of mutual understanding, cooperation, and peace among people.18-May-2021. The Indian Museum is the largest and oldest museum in India and has rare collections of antiques, armour and ornaments, fossils, skeletons, mummies, and Mughal paintings. Indian Museum, Kolkata, established in 1814 is the oldest and the largest museum in India. ...

National Museum, New Delhi established in 1949 is one of the largest in the country with a collection 2,00,000 plus artifacts.

Government Museum, Chennai complex by Willie Burke, c. City of Joy experience, a full day tour of... Indian Museum is one of the oldest Museum of India.

The COVID-19 crisis has swept the whole world abruptly, affecting every aspect of our lives, from the interactions with our loved ones, to the way we perceive our homes and cities, to our work and its organisation. Some already pressing issues have been exacerbated, questioning the very structure of our societies: the call for equality is stronger than ever.

Museums are no exception to these changes, and the cultural sector is among the most affected: surveys conducted by ICOM and other international organisations present a dire situation for museums and their professionals, with serious economic, social and psychological repercussions in the short and long term alike.


The International Family Day, which takes place every year on May 15, celebrates the importance of families and the work that started during the International Year of Families.

What do people do? A wide range of events is organized locally, nationally, and internationally. These include workshops, seminars, and policy meetings for civil servants; reports and organized awareness-raising discussions on the annual issue; training sessions for children and young people; and the launch of public policy campaigns to strengthen and support family units. In some countries, toolkits are created to help people organize celebrations for a specific segment of the population, such as school children or young adults.

Public life International Family Day is a global holiday, not a public holiday. Record The year 1994 was declared the International Year of Families by the United Nations. This was a response to the changing social and economic structures that have affected and continue to affect the structure and stability of family units in many parts of the world. World Family Day, May 15, is an opportunity to reflect on the work that began in 1994 and to celebrate the importance of families, people, societies, and cultures around the world. It has been held every year since 1995.

The symbol of World Family Day consists of a solid green circle with a red image. The image consists of elements of simple heart and house designs. This shows that families are the center of society and provide a stable and supportive home for people of all ages.



The first Sunday of May is celebrated as World Laughter Day and this year, it is being observed on May 2. Celebrated since 1998, World Laughter Day is an annual event celebrated to raise awareness about laughter and its many healing benefits.


Humor is also a way to increase retention of information in academic or professional settings because of the higher number of mental connections between the information and emotional responses (laughter).


The first celebration was on May 10, 1998, in Mumbai, India, and was arranged by Dr. Madan Kataria, founder of the worldwide Laughter Yoga movement.

Dr. Kataria, a family doctor in India, was inspired to start the Laughter Yoga movement in part by the facial feedback hypothesis, which postulates that a person's facial expressions can have an effect on their emotions.

The celebration of World Laughter Day is a positive manifestation of world peace and is intended to build up a global consciousness of brotherhood and friendship through laughter. It is most often celebrated by gatherings of people in public places with the sole purpose of laughing. Its popularity has grown exponentially with that of the Laughter Yoga movement now counting thousands of Laughter Clubs in more than 105 countries. And now it is celebrated worldwide.

Our educator explain the benefit of laughter that laughter is the best medicine for physical and mental health.it is good exercise also.


Our little Gajerian have some ideas for future technology.They show their ideas by projects and speech.National Technology Day 2021 history takes us back to 1999, when then-Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared May 11 as a day of significant achievement for the country. The Technology Development Board ever since has been honouring scientists and engineers and their technological innovations that have added to the growth of India on this day. The board announces a theme every year. The National Technology Day 2021 theme is “Science and Technology for a Sustainable Future”. In 2020, the theme was ‘Rebooting the Economy through Science, Technology and Research Translations' titled ‘RESTART'. India observes National Technology Day on May 11 to mark the anniversary of the Pokhran nuclear tests of 1998.

Pokhran nuclear tests were a series of five explosions conducted by India at the Indian Army's Pokhran Test Range.

Former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, lovingly known as India's 'Missile Man' spearheaded the Pokhran tests. The then prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared India a nuclear state, making it the sixth country to join the elite 'nuclear club'. The five nuclear tests were codenamed Operation Shakti and the whole operation is also known as Pokhran II.



Celebrating 50 golden years of progressive journey of Gujarat. The first of May 1960, foundation day of Gujarat. Gujarat is drived from the Sanskrit term Gurjaradesa, meaning "The land of the Gurjaras. It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira and Goladhora. Gujarat is home for the Gujarati people. Gujarati theatre owes a lot to Bhavai. Apart from Navratri, Uttarayan, Diwali, Holi, Tazia, Paryushana and others are also celebrated. Every Gujarati has given celebration for taking Gujarat forward whether the poorest human being, literate or illiterate, urban or rural, male or female, youth or elder. This is the moment to express humble gratitude towards all those who love Gujarat.


Our school organized one week summer camp for students. In that we had taken activities like, art & craft, dance, drawing, painting, best out of waste activity and zumba. There were best response of students we got.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Lp3RSaimuQ&t=2s

  • Art & Craft : People use plastic bags to carry items like food and clothes, which are bought from shops. Plastic bags are commonly used, even though we know they can damage the environment. This has resulted in many detrimental environmental effects including animal choking, pollution, blockage of channels, rivers and streams, and landscape disfigurement. As a result of these effects, our students made paper bag for carry things which guide by Dwivedi Eureka. So, it is a little helpful for our environment and it is just from used paper.



  • Dance : Dance is a holistic activity for the mind, body and the soul. It aligns all these, and the student is then more aware of their strength and weaknesses giving them an opportunity to identify them and work on them. With a dance class, they have something to look forward to and they get to do what they like. In Google meet we conducted dance class and students also performed with educator – Pooja Thummar.

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  • Drawing : Drawing can improve hand-eye coordination of students. It also help for establish concentration and visual analysis. We can develop movement of hand, wrists and fingers. Our educator conducted drawing class by some effective method. So, It can boost your interest and remove your sluggishness. This activity guide by Kumbi Jignesh of Gajera Vidhyabhavan Sachin.


  • Painting : Painting can also help us deal with those feelings by giving them a physical shape, removing the anguish involved when keeping feelings hidden. This is why

psychologists often prescribe art therapy for patients who have suffered psychological trauma. It helps to release emotions in a safe, non-threatening environment. This is our fourth day of the summer camp and students and parents also took initiation for this program. Painting also guide by our educator Kumbi Jignesh.


  • Best out of waste: Making the best out of waste has been a part of human life since the early ages. It was the human creative mind that gave birth to this extraordinary idea of using unwanted material in a useful way. In today’s world recycling has a very important place. There are a lot of things around that are labeled as dump. But the irony is that most of the dump collected is useful for others if recycled. Hence utilizing the best from unwanted things has become a generic necessity of every human’s life. Teachers have a significant role in nurturing the value of environmental protection and conservation among children through creative craft activities like ‘Best out of Waste’. We love our photographs and we want to hang that on wall. In this camp our students made photo frame with help of our educator Patel Mayuri of used material.


  • Zumba : Zumba is an exercise class that involves a lot of different dance steps and rhythms. Instructors combine these steps, setting them to a wide range of musical styles, and create a workout that’s a blend of dance and intense cardio. It improving your physical endurance, your body metabolism , reduce stress and muscle strength. Zumba was taken by Pooja Thummar. This was the last day of summer camp and students requested to the teacher “Can we expand more days this camp? ” So, this is the strategy of Gajera Vidhabhavan Sachin.



A tribute to our unconditional love and the ones who give it to us generously

For all the times we have been unable to tell her how much she means to us

Let’s dedicate a day to our creators and magicians.



During these challenging times, Gajera trust has come up with an initiative to spread positivity and happiness. Gajera trust has organized Fit & Fun program for the complete month of May. In this program, it includes yoga, drama, martial arts, dance, 3D robotics, art & craft and green education. Students enjoyed while learning through this program which enhances their skills and talents. Even now, also Students are expanding their skills and talents while learning through this program which is helpful during the Covid time. Parents also engaged with the students to learn something new and gave remarkable reviews. Even, teachers also joined this program and they also learned. This program offers specialization and basic programs taught by top educators. It helps to students to boost their mind and engaged their mind to learn something which is good to keep your mind active.

As schools and colleges deal with closure due to Covid -19, Gajera trust thought to provide a helpful and knowledgeable, and enjoyable program that is fit & fun program. So, the students can learn during this covid time. Parents gave such a remarkable review. They are excited about this fit & fun program. Which is the best for their children. To enhance their skills and talents.

the initiative of Gajera Trust really appreciated by the parents that will become helpful to improve their lifestyle.



Rafflesia Arnoldii

Rafflesia Arnoldii is a species of flowering plant in the parasitic genus Rafflesia. It is known for producing the largest individual flower on Earth. It has a strong, unpleasant smell of rotting meat. It is native to the rainforests of Sumatra and Borneo. Although there are some plants with larger flowering organs such as the titan arum and the talipot palm , these are technically clusters of many flowers


Rafflesia Arnoldii is one of the three national flowers in Indonesia, the other two being white jasmine and moon orchid. It was officially recognized as a national "rare flower" in the presidential decree n. 4 of 1993.


The first European to find Rafflesia was the hapless French explorer Louis Auguste Deschamps. He was a member of a French scientific expedition to Asia and the Pacific, held for three years by the Dutch in Java, where, in 1797, he collected a specimen, probably what is now known as R. Patma. On the return voyage in 1798, his ship was taken by the British, with whom France was at war, and all his papers and notes were confiscated. Joseph Banks is said to have agitated over the return of the stolen documents, but apparently to no avail: they were lost, put up for sale around 1860, went to the British Museum of Natural History, where they were promptly lost again. They did not see the light until 1954, when they were rediscovered at the Museum. To everyone's surprise, his notes and drawings indicate that he had found and studied plants long before the British. It is thought entirely possible that the British purposely concealed Deschamps' notes, to claim the "glory" of the "discovery".


In 1818 the British surgeon Joseph Arnold collected a specimen of another species of the Rafflesia found by a Malay servant in a part of Sumatra, then a British colony called British Bencoolen (now Bengkulu), during an expedition led by the Lieutenant Governor of Bencoolen recently. appointment, Stamford Raffles. Arnold contracted a fever and died soon after the discovery, the preserved material was sent to Banks. Banks passed on the materials and the honor of studying them was given to Robert Brown. British Museum resident botanical artist Franz Bauer was commissioned to make illustrations of the new plants. Brown eventually gave a speech before the June 1820 meeting of the Linnean Society in London, where he first introduced the genus and its hitherto two species. Brown gave the generic name Rafflesia in honor of Raffles. Bauer completed his photographs in mid-1821, but the actual article on the subject continued to languish.


William Jack, Arnold's successor in the Sumatran colony Bencoolen, recalled the plant and was the first to officially describe the new species as R. titan in 1820. It is highly likely that Jack rushed the name to publication because he feared that the French could publish what they knew of the species and thus deprive the British of potential "glory". Seemingly aware of Jack's work, Brown finally published the Linnean Society Transactions article a year later, formally introducing the name R. Arnoldii .


Since Jack's name takes priority, R. Arnoldii should technically be a synonym for R. titan, but at least in Britain, it was common at the time to recognize names introduced by well-regarded scientists such as Brown, on what should be taxonomically the correct name. This was pointed out by Rafflesia's Dutch expert Willem Meijer in his monographic addition to the Flora Malesiana book series in 1997. Instead of sinking R. Arnoldii into synonymy, however, he stated that the name R. titan was "incompletely known": The plant material used by Jack to describe the plant has been lost.





Pansuriya Trisha (II-A)


Marie Curie


Maria Salome Skłodowska Curie, née Maria Salome Skłodowska, was a Polish physicist and chemist of naturalized French descent who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. As the first heir to the Curie family to receive five Nobel Prizes, she was the first woman to receive a Nobel Prize, the first and only woman to receive a Nobel Prize twice, and the only person to receive a Nobel Prize in two scientific studies. fields. She was the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris in 1906.

She was born in Warsaw, in the then Polish kingdom, which was part of the Russian Empire. She studied at the clandestine Warsaw Flying University and began a practical scientific internship in Warsaw. In 1891, at the age of 24, she followed her older sister Bronislava to study in Paris, where she graduated and pursued her subsequent scientific work.

In 1895, she married the French physicist Pierre Curie and shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with him and the physicist Henri Becquerel for their pioneering work in developing the theory of "radioactivity," a term she coined. In 1906, Pierre Curie was killed in a street accident in Paris. Marie received the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her discovery of the elements polonium and radium using the methods she invented to isolate radioactive isotopes.

Under her leadership, the world's first studies on the treatment of neoplasms using radioactive isotopes were carried out. In 1920 she founded the Curie Institute in Paris and in 1932 the Curie Institute in Warsaw; both remain major centers for medical research. During World War I, she developed mobile X-ray units to provide X-ray services to field hospitals.

As a French citizen, Maria Skłodowska Curie, who used both surnames, never lost her sense of Polish identity. She taught her daughters Polish and took them on visits to Poland. She named the first chemical element she discovered, polonium, after her home country.

Marie Curie died in 1934 at the age of 66 at the Sancellemoz sanatorium in Passy, France, from aplastic anemia from exposure to radiation in the course of her scientific research and during her radiological work in field hospitals during World Day. War I. Besides the Nobel Prizes, she has received many other awards and prizes; in 1995 she became the first woman to be buried for her services in the Parisian Pantheon, and Poland declared 2011 the Year of Marie Curie as part of the International Year of Chemistry. Many biographical works have been written about her, in which she is also known as Madame Curie.

Maria Skłodowska was born on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, in the Congress of Poland in the Russian Empire. She was the fifth and youngest child of the famous teachers Bronislava, née Boguska, and Vladislav Sklodowski. The older brothers and sisters of Maria were Zofia , Jozef , Bronislava, and Elena .


On both the paternal and maternal side, the family lost their property and fortunes due to patriotic participation in Polish national uprisings aimed at restoring Poland's independence. This doomed the next generation, including Maria and her older siblings, to an uphill struggle to advance in life.

Władysław Skłodowski taught mathematics and physics, subjects that Maria was supposed to study, and was also the director of two Warsaw gymnasiums for boys. After the Russian authorities canceled laboratory training in Polish schools, he brought most of the laboratory equipment home and taught his children how to use it. He was eventually fired by his Russian leaders for pro-Polish sentiment and forced into low-paid positions; The family also lost money due to poor investment and eventually decided to supplement their income by settling in the boys' house. Maria Bronislava's mother worked in a prestigious.


Warsaw boarding school for girls; she resigned after the birth of Mary. She died of tuberculosis in May 1878 when Mary was ten years old. Less than three years earlier, Maria's older brother, Zophia, had died of typhus, which had contracted from a guest. Mary's father was an atheist; her mother is a devout Catholic. The death of her mother and sister Mary forced her to abandon Catholicism and become an agnostic.


When she was ten years old, Maria began attending the boarding school of Y. Sikorskaya; Then she went to a girls' gymnasium, which she graduated on June 12, 1883 with a gold medal. After the collapse, possibly due to depression, she spent the next year in the village with her father's relatives, and the next year with her father in Warsaw, where she taught. Unable to enroll in a regular higher education institution due to her being a woman, she and her sister Bronislava began collaborating with the underground Flying University , a Polish patriotic institution of higher education that accepted female students.


Maria agreed with her sister Bronislava that she would provide financial assistance during Bronislava's studies in Paris in exchange for similar assistance two years later. In this regard, Maria took the position of governess: first as a home teacher in Warsaw; then for two years she worked as a governess in Shchuky in the family of landowners Zhoravsky, relatives of her father. Working in the last family, she fell in love with their son Kazimir Zhoravsky, the future outstanding mathematician.

His parents rejected the idea of ​​marrying a poor relative, and Kazimierz could not resist them.


The loss of Maria's relationship with Zhorawski was a tragedy for both. He soon received his doctorate and continued his academic career as a mathematician, becoming a professor and rector of the University of Krakow. Yet, as an old man and professor of mathematics at the Warsaw University of Technology, he sat pensively in front of the statue of Maria Skłodowska, erected in 1935 in front of the Radium Institute, which she founded in 1932.





Mrs.Patel Gayatri (Maths Educator)


Salar de Uyuni


Salar de Uyuni is the largest salt flat in the world, or Playa, with an area of ​​over 10,000 square kilometers It is located in the Daniel Campos Province of Potosí in southwestern Bolivia, near the crest of the Andes at an altitude of 3,656 meters above sea level.

The Salar was formed as a result of transformations between several prehistoric lakes. It is covered with a few meters of salt crust, which presents an extraordinary flatness with average altitude variations within one meter over the entire Salar area. The crust serves as a source of salt and covers a brine pool, which is exceptionally rich in lithium. The large area, the clear sky and the exceptional flatness of the surface make the Salar ideal for calibrating the altimeters of Earth observation satellites. After the rain, a thin layer of calm, dead water transforms the apartment into the largest mirror in the world, 129 kilometers in diameter.


The Salar serves as the main transport route across the Bolivian plateau and is a breeding ground for several species of flamingos. The Salar de Uyuni is also a climatological transition zone as the massive tropical congestus and incus cumulonimbus clouds that form in the eastern part of the salt flat during the summer cannot permeate beyond its drier western edges, near the Chilean border and to the Atacama Desert.


Salar has been used as a filming location for films such as Star Wars: The Last Jedi, The Fall , Salt and Fire , The Unseen and many more.

Salar de Uyuni is part of the Altiplano of Bolivia in South America. The Altiplano is a plateau formed during the raising of the Andes. The plateau includes fresh and salt water lakes and salt flats and is surrounded by mountains with no drainage points.


The geological history of the Salar is associated with a sequential transformation between several vast lakes. From 30,000 to 42,000 years ago, the area was part of a gigantic prehistoric lake, Lake Minchin. Its age has been estimated from radiocarbon dating of shells from outcropping sediments and carbonate reefs and varies among reported studies. Lake Minchin named after Juan B. Minchin of Oruro later transformed into Paleo Lake Tauca with a maximum depth of 140 meters and an estimated age of between 13,000 and 18,000 or between 14,900 and 26,100 years, depending on the source. prehistoric lake was Coipasa, which has been radiocarbon dated from 11,500 to 13,400 years ago. When it dried up, it left two modern lakes, Poopó and Uru Uru, and two great salt deserts, Salar de Coipasa and the larger Salar de Uyuni. Salar de Uyuni covers 10,582 km2, which is approximately 100 times the size of the Bonneville Salt Flats in the US Lake Poopó is a neighbor of Lake Titicaca, much larger. During the rainy season, Titicaca overflows and drains into Poopó , which in turn floods Salar De Coipasa and Salar de Uyuni.

The lake mud interspersed with salt and saturated with brine is at the base of the surface of the Salar de Uyuni. Brine is a saturated solution of sodium chloride, lithium chloride and magnesium chloride in water. It is covered with a solid crust of salt of varying thickness between tens of centimeters and a few meters. The center of the Salar contains some islands, which are the remains of the peaks of ancient submerged volcanoes during the Lake Minchin era. They include unusual and fragile coral-like structures and deposits that often consist of fossils and algae.

The area has a relatively stable average temperature with a peak of 21 ° C from November to January and a low of 13 ° C in June. The nights are cold all year round, with temperatures between -9 ° C and 5 ° C. Relative humidity is quite low and constant all year round from 30% to 45%. Precipitation is also low, from 1mm to 3mm per month between April and November, but can increase to 80mm in January. However, with the exception of January, even in the rainy season the number of rainy days is less than 5 per month.



Mrs.Kanthriya Vaishali

(Parents of Harshil Kanthariya)


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