In today's modern times, women empowerment is a topic of special discussion. Considering the importance of women in our ancient texts, it has been told that "Yatra Naryastu Pujyante Ramante Tatra Devata:" That is, where women are worshiped, the gods reside there.
But see the irony, despite having so much power in a woman, there is a great need for her empowerment. Economic empowerment of women refers to the availability of their economic decisions, income, property and other things, only by getting these facilities they can raise their social status.
Many programs like Mother's Day, International Women's Day etc. are being run by the government to bring awareness in the society about the importance and rights of women in the development of the nation. Women need development in many fields.
In India, to empower women, it is first necessary to kill all those demonic thinking that kills their rights and values in the society, such as dowry system, illiteracy, sexual violence, inequality, feticide, domestic violence against women, Prostitution, human trafficking and other such subjects.
There is a high level of gender inequality in our country. Where women are suffering from bad treatment of their family as well as outside society. In India, the number of illiterate women is at the top.
The real meaning of women empowerment will be understood when they will be given good education in India and they will be made capable to take independent decisions in every field.
Meaning of women empowerment
Woman is considered to be the power of creation, that is, the existence of human race is believed to be from woman. The meaning of women empowerment is to develop and refine the power of this creation and provide it with social, economic, political justice, freedom of thought, belief, religion and worship, equality of opportunity.
In other words- women empowerment means to improve the social and economic status of women. So that they can get equal opportunities for employment, education, economic progress, so that they can get social freedom and progress.
This is the way by which women can fulfill their every aspirations like men.
In simple words, women empowerment can be defined in such a way that it brings that power to women, from which she can take every decision related to her life on her own and can live well in family and society. Women empowerment is to enable them to achieve their real rights in the society.
The need for women empowerment in India -The need for women empowerment in India There are many reasons for the need for women empowerment in India.
The respect level of Indian women decreased significantly in the medieval period as compared to the ancient period. The respect that was given to him in ancient times, in medieval times that respect started decreasing.
(i) In the modern era, many Indian women are posted in many important political and administrative positions, yet ordinary rural women are still forced to live in their homes and they do not have facilities like general health facilities and education.
(ii) In the matter of education also, women in India are far behind than men. The education rate of men in India is 81.3 percent, while the education rate of women is only 60.6 percent.
(iii) Women in urban areas of India are more employable than women in rural areas, according to statistics, about 30 percent of women work in the software industry in the cities of India, while about 90 percent of women in rural areas are mainly engaged in agriculture and allied activities. She works as a daily wage laborer in the area.
(iv) Another main reason for the need for women empowerment in India is inequality in payments. A study has revealed that women in India are paid 20 percent less than men, despite having similar experience and qualifications.
(v) Our country is progressing with great speed and enthusiasm, but we can maintain it only when we are able to remove gender inequality and ensure equal education, progress and payment for women as men. Can you
Hurdles in implementation of women empowerment in India
Indian society is one such society, which includes many types of customs, beliefs and traditions. Some of these old beliefs and traditions are also such which prove to be a hindrance to women empowerment in India. Some of those constraints are as follows -
(i) Due to old and orthodox ideologies, women are banned from leaving their homes in many areas of India. In such areas, women do not have the freedom to go out of the house for education or employment.
(ii) Due to living in the environment of old and orthodox ideologies, women start considering themselves less than men and prove to be unable to change their present social and economic condition.
(iii) Exploitation in the workplace is also a major obstacle in women empowerment. The private sector such as the service industry, software industry, educational institutions and hospitals are most affected by this problem.
(iv) Problems arise for women due to the dominance of male dominance in the society. Violence against women in the workplace has increased rapidly in the recent past and has seen an increase of about 170 percent in the last few decades.
(v) Women in India are still discriminated against at the gender level in the workplace. In many areas, women are not even allowed to go out for education and employment. Along with this, they do not have the freedom to work independently or take decisions related to family and they are always considered less than men in every work.
Role of government for women empowerment in India - Role of the government in implementation of women empowerment in India
There are many schemes run by the Government of India for women empowerment. Many of these schemes are related to things like employment, agriculture and health. These schemes have been formed keeping in view the situation of Indian women so that their participation in the society can be increased. Some of these main schemes are MGNREGA, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Janani Suraksha Yojana (scheme run to reduce maternal mortality) etc.
The following schemes are being run by the Ministry of Women and Child Development Welfare and Government of India for the empowerment of Indian women with the hope that one day women in Indian society will get the benefit of every opportunity like men-
1) Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme -
2) Women Helpline Scheme -
3) Ujjwala Yojana -
4) Support to Training and Employment Program for Women (STEP)-
5) Mahila Shakti Kendra -
6) Reservation for women in Panchayati Raj Schemes -
Some Acts passed by the Parliament for women empowerment (Laws made by the Parliament favoring women empowerment)
Some Acts have also been passed by the Parliament to empower women with legal rights. Those Acts are as follows -
(i) Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956
(ii) Dowry Prohibition Act 1961
(iii) Equal Remuneration Act 1976
(iv) Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1987
(v) Sex Testing Techniques Act 1994
(vi) Child Marriage Prevention Act 2006
(vii) Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Act 2013
Role of women in the nation's progress
With the changing times, the women of the modern era are free to read and write. She is aware of her rights and takes her own decisions. Now she comes out of the boundary wall and does special important work for the country. Women constitute almost half of the population of our country. For this reason, the goal of nation building can be achieved only by keeping the role and contribution of women in the great work of development of the nation fully and in the right perspective.
There is no dearth of such women in India too, who did not let their inner fear for change in society and women's respect dominate them.
One such example became Atiya Sabri of Saharanpur. Atiya is the first Muslim woman who raised her voice against triple talaq.
Varsha Jawalgekar, who fought for justice against acid victims, also tried unsuccessfully to stop the steps, but she did not stop fighting for justice. There are many such examples in our country which are becoming synonymous with women empowerment.
Today, efforts are being made to empower women power in the country in all respects. The result of this is also being seen. Today the women of the country have become aware. Today's woman has changed that thinking that she can better handle the responsibility of home and family.
Today's women working shoulder to shoulder with men are making their important contribution in the biggest work field. Whether it is work for wages or going to space. Women are proving their worth in every field.
Advantages of women empowerment
Without women empowerment, a woman cannot get the place she has always deserved in the country and society. Without women empowerment, she cannot take on the age-old traditions and evils. Being free from bondage, she cannot take her own decisions. In the absence of women empowerment, she cannot be able to get her personal freedom and authority over her decisions.
Many changes took place in the lives of women due to women empowerment.
(i) Women have started taking active part in every work.
(ii) Women are making their own decisions related to their lives.
(iii) Women have started fighting for their rights and are slowly becoming self-reliant.
(iv) Men are also now understanding women, giving them their rights.
(v) Men are now respecting the decisions of women. It is also said that by asking for rights, one has to take away and women have got their rights from men by their ability and unitedly.
Only women empowerment can play an important role in getting the opportunity of women's rights and equality. Because women empowerment not only prepares women for subsistence, but also prepares them to awaken women consciousness and get freedom from social atrocities.
The way India has become one of the fastest growing countries in the world today, in the near future, India also needs to focus on achieving the goal of women empowerment. To bring true women empowerment in Indian society, one has to understand and remove the main causes of bad practices against women which is patriarchal and male-oriented system of the society. It is very necessary that we change our old thinking against women and also bring changes in the constitutional and legal provisions.
Even though many Indian women have become President, Prime Minister, Administrative Officer, Doctor, Lawyer etc. in today's society, but still many women still need cooperation and help. to them